1984 is a 1956 British black-and-white science fiction film, based on the 1948 novel Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell, depicting a totalitarian future of a dystopian society. This is the first film adaptation of the story, directed by Michael Anderson and starring Edmond O’Brien as protagonist Winston Smith, and featuring Donald Pleasence, Jan Sterling, and Michael Redgrave. In 1954, Peter Cushing and André Morell starred in a BBC-TV made-for-TV adaptation which was extremely popular with British audiences, leading to the production of the 1956 film version. Donald Pleasence had also appeared in the BBC television version, playing the character of Syme, which for the film was amalgamated with that of Parsons. The script was co-written by William Templeton, who had previously adapted the novel for the US Studio One TV series in 1953. For the US market, 1984 was distributed in 1956 as a double feature with another British science fiction film, The Gamma People.
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