What Language Was The New Testament Written In? (Collection)

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– Matthew was a tax collector and so would have had working knowledge of Hebrew, Greek, and Latin so as to file reports with the Roman authorities in his district.
– Luke was a Greek Gentile and physician, thus a learned man who most certainly would have had a working knowledge of Greek.
– Mark was described as the scribe and interpreter of St. Peter so it stands to reason the man was bilingual if that’s the case.
– John Dictated to a scribe and lived until about 90 or 100 or so (long time to learn new languages to preach)


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I do not wish to be argumentative, but I believe that some important points on the debate are left out. A large fraction of the New Testament written as letters to Greek-speakers across southeastern Europe by a man born in a Greek-speaking place (Paul). Not to mention that another large portion of the NT was written to someone called “Theophilus” which is an obviously Greek name. Second century sources place the writing place and original audience of Mark in Rome, where very few would have spoken Aramaic. Revelation was written particularly to seven Greek-speaking cities, suggesting that the author of the fourth Gospel and three epistles could write in Greek.A very basic understanding of the NT would suggest that at least 18 of the 27 NT books (14 Pauline epistles, Mark, Luke, Acts, Revelation) were not first written in Aramaic. This is not to mention that Hebrews quotes the Septuagint while writing to Jews outside of Israel, suggesting that either the author or more likely the audience was more familiar with the Greek translation of the OT than the original.Historical context (the first item on your list) ought to include geographical context. The writings of the NT are not diaries to be read only by the author. They were written to be read by people who in many cases spoke Greek more than Aramaic, as the immediate recipients of these writings were not primarily in Israel. The majority of the NT was written by Aramaic speaking Jews to Greek speaking people outside of Israel.The Greekophobe sentiment described in the “Did Jews Speak Greek?” video would not have been shared by the authors of the NT who in their own writing affirm that the message of the cross is for all people. At least after concluding that Christ is for all, these people would have been open to learning a language that enabled them to spread the gospel.

Messianic Judaism Priests:
Monte Judah
Dan Lancaster


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